Academic Writing Tips from Experts

Turning to the definition of “academic writing”, let’s turn to its history, which says that in the educational space this format of presenting scientific papers gained its popularity and became an indispensable “component” when writing research papers. That is why at the moment not only its principles are being adopted, but also specialists are being trained who are able to write papers directly in the English academic language.

In the educational system today, academic writing is also being introduced as one of the important components of education – within the framework of state policy in the field of education and due to the expediency of increasing publication activity, the discipline “Academic Writing” teaches students, graduate students and researchers to write scientific articles in accordance with the requirements of high-ranking journals. Sometimes not all of the students can cope with such a task – here comes for help.

woman writing on a textbook

Academic Essay Structure

The structure includes four main parts: introduction, thesis, argumentation and conclusion. In fact, the thesis is the main idea of ​​the work, so it can be placed after the argument, but in this case it will already be included in the conclusion.

If you use excerpts from other people’s work or quotations from books, make sure to include appropriate footnotes. Break the text into paragraphs according to the train of thought – the argument should be divided into several parts.


After choosing a topic, the first step is to start with the formation of a thesis. A thesis is not a certain proven fact, not an opinion, and not the result of observations. This is also not an argument, not a complex of cause-and-effect relationships and not a description of a certain phenomenon – all this will be further. The thesis is the main idea of your essay, the main essence of which is contained in several statements.


Argumentation is essentially an attempt at persuasion. At this stage, it is already necessary to describe the reasons that determined the thesis. Dedicate a small paragraph to each of them and follow the completeness of each, play on their contrasts – try to make each next paragraph different from the previous one without breaking the logical chain. The main criteria that must be observed in the argumentation are subject, sequence, chronology and contrast. Avoid monosyllabic statements: you need to build a context for each argument. Remember that the thesis can also be given at the end of the work, do not limit yourself to a strict sequence of highlighted parts.

Basic mistakes in argumentation

  • Do not develop the same thought in two paragraphs, this contradicts their isolation. New paragraph, new argument.
  • Extra information. Make sure that any of the sentences are directly related to the main topic. Even if you have an irresistible desire to write an incredibly interesting fact, re-read it several times and think about whether it would be better to use it as a “hook”?
  • If in the next paragraph you use a link to another reason, make sure that this reason was described above. Do not confuse the logical connection by looking ahead.

Mistakes when choosing an academic essay topic

✅ The written truth

What would you think after reading 6 pages with the argumentation of the thesis “man descended from apes”? Of course, if you have found revolutionary evidence for the theory of evolution, that’s fine, but in that case, this is no longer an essay, but a whole scientific work.

✅ Too contentious

Do not touch on topics that are not customary to discuss: religion, politics, personal preferences, etc. The point is not that you have to show your indifference, but that your opinion may run counter to the opinion of a member of the commission. Even if you are sincerely interested in such questions, save it for future research, an academic essay is not the best place for them.

✅ Cliche

Most of the applicants use shocking facts from the press, the “rules of life” of famous people, or rather flat jokes – various phrases of Steve Jobs have already irritated the eyes of the members of the selection committee, and they are unlikely to pay attention to another such introduction.

✅ Dryness

Remember, your task is to attract and hold the reader’s attention throughout the text, and if a dry presentation of facts begins already in the introduction, even if there is a hook, the interest of the commission will fade even before the main part of the essay.

✅ Inconsistency

Trace a clear line of thought and fact that connects the main topic, introduction, and subsequent paragraphs. Structure the text, do not clutter up the introduction with unnecessary information.

The bottom line

Now you know how to write academic essays perfectly. In order for theoretical knowledge to bring you practical benefits in the form of a high mark on the exam, practice writing essays on various topics.

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Nazim Khan (Author) 📞 +91 9536250020
[MBA in Finance]

Nazim Khan is an expert in Microsoft Excel. He teaches people how to use it better. He has been doing this for more than ten years. He is running this website ( and a YouTube channel called "Business Excel" since 2016. He shares useful tips from his own experiences to help others improve their Excel skills and careers.

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